Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a medical term used for progressive lung disease. Most common problems are emphysema, chronic bronchitis, asthma and other forms. In a broader sense, this disease is described by characterizing the breathing problem an individual goes through. The chronic lung disease causes obstruction in lung airflow.
According to WHO estimation, by 2030 COPD will be the third most dangerous disease causing death across the world. Presently, there is no specific cure for this disease, but initial treatment can bring down the COPD symptoms and patient can live a healthy life with some precautions.
Causes of COPD:
There are various reasons behind the cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In the US, smoking is the single biggest reason considered for this disease. 30 percent of total COPD patients are chain smokers that lead to constant pressure on otherwise suffocated lungs leading to COPD Apart from smoking, exposure to chemicals and fumes can also lead to this problem.
Many avoid certain these causes as they have the least knowledge about what is COPD and tend to ignore symptoms coming along.
This problem also gives rise to chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Other causes of COPD are:
- Exposure to tobacco smoke
- Exposure to dust and chemicals
- Genetic problem
Symptoms of COPD:
The increase in breathing problem is the common COPD symptoms one can notice. In chronic bronchitis, the symptom involves a daily cough and mucus production. During the process, you may avoid staircase and perform physical activities. The symptom may rise over the period of time, which includes:
- Noisy Breathing
- Chest Tightness
- Weight Loss
- Blueness of the lips
- Lack of Energy
- Swelling in ankles and feet
COPD can lead to a heart problem, lung cancer, and depression too. It also depends on the age and severity of the problem.
Diagnosis to Treat COPD:
To get a proper diagnosis of COPD, the doctor would consider symptoms patient experiences and medical history. There are certain tests, including the breathing test which involves the use of large hose connected with Spirometer. It measures the amount of air your lung can hold. There are few tests to watch out for asthma and heart failure.
Prevention & Treatment for COPD:
There is no specific treatment for COPD, but early medication can ease the symptoms preventing complications. Effective therapy is available to control symptoms and reduces other form of the disease. The very first step of COPD treatment is to stop smoking. Regular smoking can lead to a reduction in breathing ability. You can speak to your doctor regarding the smoking addiction and nicotine replacement. Doctors may recommend:
- Oxygen Therapy: If the doctor finds low blood oxygen levels, then you’ll receive oxygen through a mask to make breathing process easy.
- Surgery: Patient may undergo surgery if other treatments are failed. One such surgery is Bullectomy, which includes the removal of large air sace from the lungs.
Apart from these treatments, doctors avoid certain changes in your routine to prevent disease:
- Lifestyle change
- Rehabilitation program to overcome smoking
- Eating Healthy Food
COPD can be take away your life if not prevented or treatment in the initial stage. Doing away with smoking habit is the best treatment you can do for overcoming COPD.