Cardiac or heart disease is a condition that involves the blockage of blood vessels, leading to heart attack. The problem arises due to excess fat, cholesterol and other unhealthy aspects that enter into our body due to oily food intake.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in the US alone more than 6 lac people die due to heart attack yearly.
There are different types that can affect the function of heart:
- Coronary Heart Disease
- Valvular Heart Disease
What Causes Heart Attack?
The reason behind the cause of heart attack is the blockage of coronary arteries that builds up to harmful substances. Another reason is the spasm of a coronary artery that blocks the blood flow to the heart. Spasm occurs due to the intake of drugs and tobacco in large form. Atherosclerosis, a process of cholesterol getting deposited in the walls of arteries hardens the wall giving little space for blood to supply and leading to heart attack.
In many cases, heart attack takes place between 4 am to 10 am when higher blood levels of adrenaline is released which contributes towards the rupture of cholesterol plaques.
Besides these reasons, heart attack can cause due to:
- High Cholesterol & Fat
- Poor Diet
Symptoms that leads to Heart Attack:
Heart attack happens suddenly giving less time to react but is the result of long-standing heart disease. However, there are symptoms of heart attack to be never ignored:
- Chest Pain: Individual may feel chest pain, pressure or squeezing of the chest for few minutes.
- Shortness of Breath: You may start taking deep breaths. The problem happens when your chest develops discomfort.
- Body Pain: The symptom is witnessed in different parts of the body. Areas include upper abdomen, shoulder and throat.
- Fatigue: This can take place due to stress on the chest, and you start feeling exhausted.
Other Symptoms are:
Few may experience the symptoms hours or days before. Once you start getting these symptoms, you should immediately contact your doctor before it gets severe.
Overcoming the problem with right Treatment & Prevention:
When the person experiences any of the mentioned symptoms days or a week before, seeking medical assistance is highly essential. Doctors will examine your situation to provide medication to bring down the symptoms. If there is any blockage in the area, you’ll be asked to undergo surgery to release the blockage and easy flow of blood. Coronary Angioplasty or bypass surgeries are two major surgeries undertaken depending on the condition.
Apart from drugs and surgery, taking right precaution in the initial stage will avoid symptoms and heart attack;
- Regular consumption of prescribed medication
- Change in lifestyle, which include no smoking, regular exercise and less stress
- Consuming diet rich vegetables and fruits
- Consuming fat free food
Heart attack takes place in different stages and can be mild or severe. Taking right precaution and not underestimating symptoms is highly essential to avoid less survival rate. Seek doctor advice on diet food and healthy lifestyle for a healthy heart.
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