What is Cholesterol?
It is a substance just like fat present in all cells of the body produced in the liver and and made up of lipoproteins. According to study, it is more common in men then in women. And so men are more prone to Heart disease rather than women.
Types of Cholesterol
There are two types , one is LDL-Low Density Lipoproteins and second one is HDL-High Density Lipoproteins. LDL is the bad cholesterol and must be within the normal range. High level LDL may increase the chances of getting Heart disease, while on other side, high level HDL act as a shield and protects the Heart.
According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, normal measurement for: Total Cholesterol must be 200 mg/dL or lower, LDL must be 100 mg/dL or lower, HDL must be 40 mg/dL or higher, Triglycerides must be 149 mg/dL or lower in men. When there increase level of LDL it is “hypercholestermia” which may lead to heart attacks, strokes, peripheral artery disease.
When to measure?
Cholesterol level must be checked after the age of 20 every 48 to 72 months.
What are the risk factors ?
- Low level of HDL – High Density Lipoprotein
- As Age advances above 45 years in men
How it gets high rather than age and heredity?
It is more commonly seen in men eating food containing high cholesterol. Men showing Laziness and not doing physical activity. Even Over-weighted men can have high cholesterol.
How to control it?
It can be controlled to normal by eating more fibrous food such as oats, beans, and fruits rather than eating fatty food. By doing exercises regularly. At least 30 min per day. Eating more food or supplements containing Omega – 3. Quit the adverse habit such as smoking. Taking lipid lowering drugs. Please ask your doctor for the drugs lowering the cholesterol.