Till date, HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) has killed millions of people across the globe. The disease is largely witnessed in poor and developing countries where health care system isn’t much developed. White Blood Cells, which are very important for our body growth, HIV infects these cells, thus bringing down the count of cells.
There are different stages of HIV and the final stage is the HIV AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). However, one needs to know that HIV and AIDS are two different things. So before you seek answers for AIDS, do seek an answer on What is HIV?
What causes HIV?
There are many reasons behind the HIV infection. Once the HIV virus enters into the body, it gets into CD4 T Cells (White Blood Cells). Entering into the cells, it multiplies and severely attacks the cells. As the process continues, millions of new viruses are born.
The infection occurs in 3-4 weeks after the exposure of virus. If the virus isn’t treated with the right medication, the person may reach to the stage of AIDS, the last stage of the disease.
Other reasons that cause HIV are?
- Transmission of blood from infected person through sexual act
- Sharing of needles and syringe
- Infected mother passing the virus to the foetus or through breast feeding
However, one needs to keep in mind that HIV or AIDS virus doesn’t transmit by hugging, holding or sharing cloths.
Symptoms of HIV
HIV Symptoms are quite similar to those of viral infections. Fever, cough, weakness, body ache and few others are the initial stages of HIV infection. The most common symptoms of HIV are a sore throat, high temperature and blotchy red rashes over the body. Unfortunately, people tend to ignore these symptoms and eventually get infected with AIDS.
These symptoms may last for few weeks and may settle without showing any further signs for years. However, the virus continues to progress and infects CD4 T Cells completely. Sometimes, you may experience mouth ulcers, fatigue, headache, chills, loss of weight and other such signs.
Treatment and Prevention:
A person going through different symptoms for many days will be asked to undergo a blood test for HIV. Doctors generally avoid HIV medications because it may have serious side-effects. If the test discloses HIV, your doctor would examine the amount of virus present in your blood and provide specific medication to help to increase the CD4 T Cells.
Apart from test and medications, doctor would advise for certain preventions to curb the disease and eliminating the HIV virus:
- Having a balanced and healthy diet to increase immune systems
- Practicing safe sex and the use of condoms to avoid passing the virus
- Avoid physical intimacy with people having HIV or AIDS
- Exercising regularly and reduce stress
- Regular health check-up and medication
With having proper medication and following precautions against the HIV and AIDS, the death rate has fallen considerably. However, following the preventive step should always be your top priority. Never ignore any signs of a healthy issue that can bring major impact to your health.